Frameworks Inform Research
Sustainability of evidence-based programs (EBP) is challenging, and research on the topic is new. To encourage additional research, here are a selection of sustainability frameworks.
For implementation frameworks, many of which include sustainability as a subset, see the Implementation Frameworks section of this site.
These summaries were written to be useful to researchers and nonresearchers alike who are interested in using a framework to support additional research about sustainability.
Research literature on sustainability of EBPs, and of the organizations engaging in the implementation of EBPs, has steadily grown since early work in the late 1990s. Shediac–Rizkallah and Bone (1998) provided an early framework for sustainability research.
Subsequent publications (for example, Aarons et al., 2014; Colon–Emeric, 2015; Flieszer et al., 2015; Scheirer & Dearing, 2011; Schell et al., 2013; Stirman et al., 2012; Whelan et al., 2014) have expressed the view that sustainability science is still in the formative stages.
In general, researchers writing about EBP sustainability have concluded that the theoretical underpinnings of the research have often lacked precise measures and definitions. This presents a challenge to the research field to increase research on the factors that contribute to the sustainability of EBPs within and among different organizational settings.
To assist in future research on sustainability of EBPs, researchers will find in this section summaries of selected sustainability frameworks.